Hepatic (Liver) Function Panel
Your liver is an organ that plays various critical processes in the body. This includes detoxification, synthesis of proteins, regulation of glycogen (the storage form of sugar), and the production of hormones. The liver is also important for healthy digestion. It produces bile, a compound that helps in the breakdown of fat. Testing and optimizing liver function is important for overall health.
Alternate names(s): Basic Liver Profile, Liver Function Test (LFT), Liver Function Profile
- Albumin/Globulin Ratio (calculated)
- Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)
- Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT)
- Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST)
- Bilirubin (total)
- Globulin (calculated)
- Protein (total)
Fasting: Fast for 12 hours prior to test (nothing to eat for 12 hours)
Water: Drink plenty of water to stay well hydrated.
Medications: Take all medications as prescribed.
2-3 business days
Result turnaround times are estimates and not guaranteed. Due to factors outside of our control, such as weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing or equipment maintenance, our lab may require additional time to complete tests.
The liver function panel is a standard test panel commonly run during annual physical exams. The panel test ten different variables that provide important information about liver health.
Albumin. Albumin is a protein made by the liver. It keeps fluid from leaking out of blood vessels and transports hormones, nutrients and drugs. Albumin is measured to help diagnose liver or kidney disease and to assess nutritional status.
Globulin (calculated). Globulin is one of the major proteins in the body. It transports proteins, carries minerals and acts as immunoglobulins as part of the immune system.
Albumin/Globulin Ratio (calculated). The albumin globulin ratio (calculated) can be used to gauge the production of immunoglobulins. A low ratio may reflect the overproduction of globulins, whereas a high ratio suggests under production.
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP). ALP can be found in many tissues, but it is mostly found in the liver, biliary tract, and bone. Measuring this enzyme is important for determining liver and bone disorders.
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT). ALT is an enzyme found predominantly in the liver. ALT is measured to screen for liver damage and to diagnose liver disease.
Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST). AST is an enzyme that’s found in the liver as well as other organs throughout the body, including the heart, kidneys and muscles. AST is measured to screen for liver damage and to diagnose liver disease.
Bilirubin (total). Bilirubin is the breakdown product of red blood cells in the body. Total bilirubin is measured to screen for or monitor liver disorders or hemolytic anemia.
Protein (total). Albumin and globulin make up most of the protein found in the body and are involved in a variety of biological processes, including the regulation of osmotic pressure, transport of drugs, hormones and enzymes.
Liver Disease (Mayo Clinic)