Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Antibodies Panel - NBI
Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Antibodies Panel - NBI

Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Antibodies Panel

Regular price $107.00

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a type of herpes virus. As an acute infection, EBV is the virus that causes mononucleosis (mono). While up to 90% of people have been infected with EBV, not everyone develops symptoms. An EBV infection can cause symptoms that affect nearly every system in the body. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) chronic fatigue is possibly related to chronic EBV infection.

Once infected, the virus can lay dormant and reactivate later, resulting in symptoms years after an initial infection.

What’s Reported
  • Epstein-Barr Virus VCA Antibody (IgM)
  • Epstein-Barr Virus VCA Antibody (IgG)
  • Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigen (EBNA) Antibody (IgG)

Methodology: Immunoassay (IA)

How to prepare

Fasting: No.

Water: Drink plenty of water to stay well hydrated.

Medications: Take all medications as prescribed.

How long until you get the results

3-5 business days
Result turnaround times are estimates and not guaranteed. Due to factors outside of our control, such as weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing or equipment maintenance, our lab may require additional time to complete tests.

More about this test

EBV can affect nearly all systems in the body. Symptoms of EBV infection can include:

  • Arthritis
  • Cough
  • Ataxia (poor balance)
  • Hepatomegaly (enlarged liver)
  • Splenomegaly (enlarged spleen)
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Arrhythmia (irregular heart beat)
  • Irritability
  • Jaundice
  • Lethargy
  • Nausea
  • Neck stiffness
  • Rashes
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes

EBV is transmitted most commonly through body fluids, mostly saliva. EBV can also be transmitted through blood and semen in sexual contact.

EBV can also be a risk for some cancers, such as Burkitt’s Lymphoma.

Related tests
References

Akkoc G, Kadayifci EK, Karaaslan A, et al. Epstein-Barr Virus Encephalitis in an Immunocompetent Child: A Case Report and Management of Epstein-Barr Virus Encephalitis. Case Rep Infect Dis. 2016;2016:7549252.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Chronic Fatigue Possibly Related to Epstein-Barr Virus -- Nevada. 1986;35(21);350-2. Accessed October 10, 2019.

Diaz-Mitoma F, Vanast WJ, Tyrrell DL. Increased frequency of Epstein-Barr virus excretion in patients with new daily persistent headaches. Lancet. 1987;1(8530):411-415.

Li ZY, Lou JG, Chen J. [Analysis of primary symptoms and disease spectrum in Epstein-Barr virus infected children]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi. 2004;42(1):20-22.

Phowthongkum P, Phantumchinda K, Jutivorakool K, Suankratay C. Basal ganglia and brainstem encephalitis, optic neuritis, and radiculomyelitis in Epstein-Barr virus infection. J Infect. 2007;54(3):e141-144.

Sangueza-Acosta M, Sandoval-Romero E. Epstein-Barr virus and skin. An Bras Dermatol. 2018;93(6):786-799.

Schechter S, Lamps L. Epstein-Barr Virus Hepatitis: A Review of Clinicopathologic Features and Differential Diagnosis. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2018;142(10):1191-1195.

Tiwari V, Bergman MJ. Viral Arthritis. In: StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL) 2019.